NourNews – For many centuries, the Caucasus region has been under the unifying umbrella of Iranian-Islamic civilization, through coexistence of various religions, sects, languages, cultural and religious identities but since colonial prominence of identity differences narrowed the field to civilizational commonalities, it has undergone population composition engineering, ethnic cleansing, and mass exile. Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan started bloody clashes for the second time in less than three months over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. The dispute over this 4,400-kilometer mountainous region, which is inhabited by Armenian Christians and Muslim Azeris, has overshadowed relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia and the Caucasus region for decades.
The Caucasus region is strategically a bridge between east and west and north and south and connects the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea. In addition to its geopolitical importance, the region has historically been a crossroads of different civilizations and religions. The presence of natural resources such as energy in the Caspian Sea as well as its transmission routes to Europe has added to the strategic importance of this region and has made the Caucasus has always been the place of competition between major regional and supra-regional powers throughout history.
Artificial demarcation during the Soviet era is one of the main reasons for the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. At that time, although the Karabakh region was historically Azeri, the ethnic divisions pursued by the Soviets under Stalin led to the creation of artificial demarcations and brought Karabakh under Armenian rule.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Azeris insisted that the region should be ruled by Baku on the basis of historical background, and the Armenians, by emphasizing changes in the demographic composition of the region, considered it to be under Armenian rule, or at least autonomous.
In the recent conflict, the role of Turkey and the Zionist regime is quite prominent. The escalation of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh could reduce the focus of Iran and Russia on the West Asian region and keep them busy with the problems and challenges of the Caucasus region, and the Zionists have made very serious moves in this regard in recent months. Turkey also played a very important role and in the post-conflict period, held a joint military exercise with the Republic of Azerbaijan, and after the exercise, did not withdraw its troops from the territory of Azerbaijan.
This conflict is unlikely to last, despite the lines and signs of the officials of the two sides, because the two sides, for various reasons, do not have the will to continue the long-term battle. Among foreign stakeholders, with the exception of Turkey and the Zionist regime, others such as the United States, Europe and Russia are reluctant to continue the crisis.
According to this; Because the parties are reluctant to resolve the issue through legal and diplomatic means, and foreign actors see their interest in continuing the dispute, the most important prospect for this dispute is the continuation of the situation as “neither war nor peace” and turn-based conflicts.
The point is that; For many centuries, the Caucasus region has been under the unifying umbrella of Iranian-Islamic civilization, the coexistence of various religions, sects, languages, and cultural and religious identities but since colonial prominence of identity differences narrowed the field to civilizational commonalities, it has undergone population composition engineering, ethnic cleansing, and mass exile.
Meanwhile, the two republics of Azerbaijan and Armenia, inspired by the era of civilized coexistence in the pre-colonial centuries and relying on their cultural commonalities, can find a peaceful way to solve the problem and bring lasting peace to their people, and the Islamic Republic of Iran is ready to help establish this lasting peace in the region.
The positions of the Islamic Republic on the need to observe and recognize the territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan are very clear, and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has repeatedly emphasized this legitimate right in the framework of international law and UN resolutions. There is only a peaceful solution, and Iran, Turkey, and Russia can help the two neighbors implement UN resolutions to resolve their differences peacefully.