American politicians, regardless of European history and international relations, are demanding more political capacity from Europe, and especially from Germany, to contain Russia and China. Whereas Western European countries, with their pro-democracy tendencies prevalent in European left-wing groups and parties, have always dreamed in contemporary history and even during the Tsarist era that Russia, their vast and powerful neighbor, is a free partner with all. But now, areas for better and expanding engagement with Europe, get rid of the US “barrier strategy”.
Russia, with its largest natural resources and military capacity, is important to Western European countries because it is a major part of the stronghold of the European continent and can also be an effective bridge between Europe and the powerful countries of Asia.
With the means of cooperation and proximity to Moscow, the Germans have continued to try not to break ties with Russia and not to isolate Russia politically based on the wishes and interests of the United States and Britain. Thus, the German political body is still influenced by the “Look East” strategy, which was initiated by the German Social Democrats, led by former Chancellor Willy Brandt, and endorsed by Christian Democrat Chancellor Helmut Kohl, which eventually led to the unification of the two Germanies.
Germany has so far shown considerable restraint in the West over the provocations and provocations of the American political structure, especially during the Obama administration, which pursued anti-Russian policies, and under Trump, the anti-EU policy. German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s insistence on completing a massive gas pipeline project from Russia to Germany and Europe is just one example.
In addition to the traditional approach of the left, and mainly the European Social Democrats, to improving relations with Moscow, other political fronts have recently opened up. The right-wing Alternative Party in Germany, Victor Urban in Hungary, Marie Le Pen in France and the Pan-Slavs in the Western Balkans; There are political phenomena in Europe that are trying to improve relations with Russia, despite US diplomatic pressure.
Strong lobbying among major energy companies dealing with the issue of massive oil and gas imports from Russia to Europe was initially opposed by Trump and the Joe Biden administration to the full implementation of the Stream 2 rolling project, but has recently had some success. This result was partly due to the pressure of the left and the German Social Democrats on energy security in Germany and Europe, led by former German Chancellor Schroeder.
Fossil fuels, which are the backbone of the Russian economy and account for 40 percent of total government revenues, also supply 30 percent of Europe’s oil and 40 percent of its gas. Germany’s left-wing ally with the United States has finally been able to make Germany, Europe’s largest economic power, dependent on Russian energy by insisting on keeping Stream 2 alive. Continuing this dependence alongside Russia’s military power, which is in fact the great neighbor of all European continents, will obviously alienate the Green Continent from the United States as much as it depends on Russia in terms of foreign policy and energy security.
The European Conservative faction, with the arrival of Joe Biden in the United States and his announcement of his return to former European allies, as well as the return of the treaties and commitments that were revoked by Trump, has another problem in announcing a comprehensive and objective US campaign. It faces two rival powers, China and Russia. These political contradictions in Europe can undoubtedly affect, in the short term, the process related to the cohesion of the EU member states and the political decision to cooperate with the United States in joint confrontations with Russia and China. That is why the new US President Joe Biden wants Germany, as the most powerful European economy, to show a clear political line on Russia and China, which the Germans are reluctant to do, they shrug their shoulders from under the load.
On the other hand, the United States is constantly trying to prevent European countries from getting closer to Moscow, and by besieging Russia in the NATO military coup and economic sanctions, it is putting more pressure on Russia to end its interference in the affairs of Western countries. And Eastern Europe will always remain not an adversary but an enemy.
The US siege of Russia has forced the Kremlin to prioritize its expansionist strategy in order to maintain its sovereignty and geographical location. Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan and occupation of Crimea; And subsequently the US open hand in Europe and the international community to repel Russian aggression; It has been able to both glorify Moscow as an enemy of aggression and prevent Europe and other countries from aligning with Russia.
Under pressure from the West, the Kremlin is trying to prevent a “new Cold War” against Russia by approaching European left-wing factions seeking strategic cooperation with Moscow. Contrary to the US strategy, which seeks to provoke and create tension in Europe’s relations with Russia, the European left, especially in France and Germany, tends to play a fundamental role in bringing about fundamental change in continental Europe through coexistence and peaceful cooperation with Russia.
It goes without saying that these developments are taking place at a time when, after the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the sharp ups and downs of the transition period in Russia, a man named Vladimir Putin is the absolute leader in the Kremlin and his European approach and strategy in Foreign policy is not much different from the old Russian tsars; And it strongly opposes the foreign policy of the conservatives of Western Europe, who oppose Putin’s interventions and are in line with the White House foreign policy.
This is how many European politicians and statesmen are now engaged in new confrontations between the US-led Western camp with China and Russia. Hot exchanges between the European left and Russia; the conservative anti-Russian faction has trapped Europe between the European left aligned with Moscow and the tolerant socialists with Russia.
In the rest of the world, in the Pacific, closer political and security cooperation between several major powers, including Japan, Australia, and to some extent India and South Korea, led by the United States, has fueled more open confrontations with China; If they become more serious, it will have a negative impact on the growing trade relations between Europe and the countries of Southeast Asia. Especially in this area, Shinzo Abe, the former Prime Minister of Japan during the Trump administration, initiated the confrontation between the West and China led by the United States. Keep the domain active.
Now in Europe and the Pacific, the Cold War is raging between the West and the two great powers, China and Russia, led by the United States, and at the same time intensifying the wave of anti-Russian and anti-Chinese movements in Western political and media circles with US support. To present the governing systems of Russia and China as undesirable totalitarian national systems with aggressive foreign policies. In this silent Cold War, they are only European interests that have been not only ignored, but abused in US conflicts of interest with China and Russia.
by Pooya Mirzaei